External Lighting, Best Lamps Catalogue
For interior or exterior? Distinction very important for several reasons. In fact, it is necessary to reason whether the lighting item we intend to install is to be used for lighting inside a home, a room, a shop, or a room, or to illuminate an external environment such as A garden, a porch, a gazebo and so on.
In this category we find all articles that fit the exterior. We distinguish the 2 categories because indoor items are a kind of lamps with a structure that can be adapted to any closed place needs lighting and is rich in the finest decorations and features not only to lighten the environment appropriately but to be Also and above all an important piece of furniture. Outdoor items, on the other hand, have features in materials that allow them to withstand the weather and the various outdoor weather conditions, as well as have a light effect that is well suited to the light needed for the outdoor environment. In this regard, it is necessary to reason well on the place of installation of the article: it is different to place a spotlight under a porch protected sufficiently by large quantities of water (or snow in the winter months), compared to a spotlight illuminating the bottom of a swimming pool In which the index of moisture resistance must be obviously higher. Despite the technical difficulties of making this kind of product, there are numerous aesthetically pleasing solutions available on the market and ready to adapt to your needs and tastes.
Every place needs the right lighting. In these pages you will find the best selection of outdoor products. Hoping our work can be of help to help you find the best solution for you.
Select the category of products (from classic to modern or integrated LED) that you are looking for and find the savings by adding the quantity you like to cart, you will see discounts! Do not you find the product of your favorite Brand? Contact us for immediate insertion on the site with amazing shipment timings.
Illumination is the result of lighting through the use of natural light (mediated by architectural elements) or emitted from artificial sources (generally electrical equipment) in order to obtain certain levels of light on the side lighting) to illuminate . Its technique is called lighting engineering.
Other illumination purposes are, for example, creating scenographic, accentuating effects and furnishing equipment (lamps).
The term lighting is also used as a simplification and meaning of "lighting system".
Types of lighting
There are several types of lighting:
- Direct: Provides the best illumination for the worktop because the beam of light is projected directly onto it without any artificial reflection. However, there is another contrast between the dark and the light parts, so it needs a background light because the eye does not get tired.
- Indirect: The beam of light reaches the point of lighting only after reflection, for example, on a wall or ceiling. With the background light obtained, the overall lighting is softer and softer than the direct-shaded and shaded. It has a higher cost than the previous one and naturally requires, to obtain an excellent result, of tendency to clear walls and additional light points.
- Semidirectional: It is a mixed type lighting with direct and indirect characteristics. Indirect light comes in, needs clear walls but also suitable for neutral, wall-to-ceiling ceilings. A portion of the light beam directly affects the plane of the illuminated objects.
- No shade: it is produced by a bare light bulb that shades the shadows noticeably.
- Scialitica: Produces an extremely intense lighting used especially in operating rooms during surgery. It is virtually devoid of shadows because it uses a variety of light beams aimed at the work plane from different directions.
Fire and oil lighting
Until 1700, artificial illumination has not undergone major changes, relying almost exclusively on the oil illumination, whose first traces date back to the Phoenicians, and the use of live fire through the hearth, torch, candles, lanterns, and candlesticks.
In ancient Rome, at night, only the homes of the wealthy and wealthy were illuminated, while the other dwellings and the rest of the city's environment (streets, streets, squares) had no kind of illumination except Quella lunar. In addition, the richest during the evening and night hours were usually accompanied by one or more slaves holding one or more torches to facilitate the walk or choice of the path to go in the dark of night. The fire, used massively for lighting, was also a serious danger because it was the cause of continuous fires, favored by the wooden structure of most homes, which cyclically devastating the city of Rome and the main centers of the era .
During the Middle Ages there were no substantial changes in methods for artificial illumination. The most popular systems were still based on the lamps and oil torches, usually also placed in series along the walls to get more lighting. In addition to oil, the most used substance was wax, but also the components of birch bushes or other similar trees. The most enlightened places and buildings were the religious ones, especially churches, while in homes it was usually the dim light of the fireplace or the maximum torch.
Some improvements in the oil lighting system were introduced in 1500 by Gerolamo Cardano.
The first to discover the potential of gas-fired gas was Philippe Lebon in 1786. However, the first demonstrations to the public of its usefulness occurred only in 1801 when the engineer and inventor showed, in front of the public, the event, Its thermo lamp that, using the gas derived from the distillation of the wood, could be used both for lighting and for heating. In 1798, coal used for the first time was used by William Murdoch to illuminate a vast foundry in Soho. The domestic use of that system began to spread from the early 1800s, as well as industrial use whose first applications can be found in London at factories. In 1807 London gas lamps were installed in London. In 1839, there were already 15 gas workshops in London that, through a piping system, used to illuminate areas such as Pall Mall, St. James's Park and the Golden Lane. The greatest designer of London's gas illumination was Samuel Clegg.
In Italy, the first attempts and systematic studies for public lighting were initiated by John Aldini in 1818 (Theater Theater Lighting Memory: and designed to apply it to the IR Teatro della Scala in Milan, G. Aldini, 1820) while The first successful attempt to enlighten a public place took place at the Galleria de Cristoforis in Milan in 1832. From 1840, some streets in Naples were also lightly illuminated by gas. Only in 1847 the Pontifical Government authorized the installation of gas illumination in Rome.